Whether humans can be in control of Society 5.0 based on technologies such as artificial intelligence and robotics or the other way around cannot be fully understood without social sciences such as politics and economics. This session sheds light on the international dimension of how humans deal with technology. More specifically, with its main focus on how nations compete for technological hegemony and implications for individual freedom and international order, this session will highlight Sino-American virtual and trade war for 5G, China's techno-diplomatic competition with Taiwan across the Taiwan Straits as well as Latin America, historical lessons from the US-Japan trade war in the 1980s, the role of social media in disputed regions such as Kashmir between China, India, and Pakistan, and the prospects of post-Western world order.