The aim of the session is to examine more inclusive, fair, and equally scientific systems with the perspectives on distributive justice from the perspecitive of environment and health. The gaps of power to access the scientific process and products between countries, institutions, and various actors, will bring hurdles to maximize the impacts of knowledge for the sustainable societies. In this time, distributive justice is a key concept to achieve inclusive excellence in the future knowledge society, because it directs us to rethink fairness and inequality of accessibility, benefits, and risks of scientific results both in the local and global contexts.